Message from the President
The country, now more than ever before, needs visionary leadership and economic management skills for economic development and social progress. The United Party for National Development (UPND) commits to work tirelessly to realize the dream of a prosperous Zambia anchored on love, national unity and mutual understanding for speedy economic and social development. We are targeting an economic growth rate of 10.0 percent per year for us to achieve Vision 2030 goals. We will take positive and transparent steps to implement an ambitious economic and social transformation program that moves Zambia forward and achieves significant (> 60%) poverty reduction within a decade.
This manifesto reflects how, with your participation, and our tested leadership, we can make this vision a reality and demonstrate to the world that our best years as a nation are ahead of us, within reach. The manifesto has benefited from the views of a broad spectrum of ordinary citizens across our society, including the youth and women, miners, farmers, marketers, economic, social and security sector experts, to mention but a few. We are most grateful to them for sharing their wisdom and dreams for the future. They can rest assured that through our collective effort, we can realize a united and prosperous Zambia – it is time for CHANGE.
For the period 2021 to 2026, our key manifesto theme is CHANGE! Through this manifesto, we have presented in detail what that CHANGE will entail by proposing key sector reforms that the people of Zambia can measure our performance on. However, the message is simple.
UPND SUMMARY MANIFESTO
This summary document is a guide to the 2021 UPND Election Manifesto. Our guiding principle is a people-centred, pro-poor development strategy that guarantees the availability of the basic needs of all the people of Zambia. UPND will focus on the following key areas:
- Invest in our people through quality education and economic empowerment, not handouts that only appear at election time;
- Create quality jobs, particularly for the youths and women;
- Eradicate poverty and inequality;
- Provide universal access to high-quality healthcare;
- Attain macroeconomic stability and prioritize areas of national development;
- Transform and diversify the economy to meet the aspiration of our people;
- Reduce socio-economic disparities among regions to create a foundation for sustainable development by harnessing our resources;
- Eradicate ZESCO blackouts through better management of existing facilities, increased investment and diversifying of our energy portfolio;
- Eradicate government waste, corruption and strengthen governance;
- Eradicate tribal divisions by unifying all Zambians and embracing our diversity;
- Establish a durable constitutional order that will catalyze political, economic and social development of the country; and
- Establish good governance norms that promote transparency, accountability, consultation and dialogue between the governors and the governed.
THE VISION: Our vision is to have a united and prosperous Zambia with equal opportunities across ethnic, religious and gender considerations, living in harmony in a free democratic society, thus carrying forward Zambia’s Vision 2030.
OUR MISSION: Our mission is to foster accelerated national development through the mobilization and sustainable use of human and natural resources for the empowerment of every Zambian citizen.
OUR CORE BELIEFS:
- Unity in diversity
- Equality before the law
- Respect for the freedoms and rights of all citizens
- Transparency – Accountability – Integrity and Social justice.
RELIGION AND STATE: The UPND will maintain Zambia as a Christian Nation while upholding religious freedom and tolerant of other religions.
- THE UPND AGENDA
The UPND Government seeks to realize Zambia’s aspiration of becoming a prosperous middle-income country through three main phases – recovery and stabilization; steady growth; and take-off. In 2021, we will firmly implement credible policies to:
- Lower the fiscal deficit;
- Restore market confidence;
- Bring stability to the economy;
- Enable a speedy recovery in economic growth;
- Ensure debt management and sustainability. Under a climate of steady growth, we shall deepen investments in human capital, strategic economic sectors and export promotion.
With this foundation, we shall accelerate the transformation of the economy by advancing value-addition, industrialization and integration into global markets. The following are some of the programmes that we will undertake to achieve this:
- Economic Transformation Programme (ETP) – the ETP will be the overarching framework that will bring together our interventions in the various sectors of the economy to create more and better-quality jobs and to eliminate poverty.
- Entrepreneurship – we will target the formation of a robust indigenous entrepreneurship base as part of the agenda to determine our destiny, retain resources within the country and build a strong middle-class.
- Digital Revolution – deepening the Digital and Knowledge Economy will be a crosscutting approach adopted to ‘leapfrog our progress towards the 2030 Vision of becoming a prosperous middle-income country.
- OUR DETAILED AGENDA
Sound and responsible economic management are necessary for us to implement our development agenda and to achieve our vision of a prosperous country with equal opportunities for all citizens. In this regard, we commit to doing the following: –
- Strengthen tax policy and administration to broaden the tax base, reducing the individual tax burden on families and companies;
- Ensure fiscal expenditure rationalization, prudence and discipline;
- Increase budgetary allocations to social protection, including addressing the plight of pensioners;
- Improve economic and fiscal governance through the strengthening of regulations;
- Improve budget credibility through better planning and adherence to expenditure plans;
- Increase international reserves to create a buffer to cushion the economy against external shocks.
Private Sector Development
Through a Consultative Economic Advisory Forum, we will collaborate with the private sector on planning and implementation of the development agenda and consult to address hurdles to growth and job creation:
- Improve the business environment and reduce the cost of doing business for the private sector;
- Improve regulatory frameworks and remove administrative barriers to business entry and operations;
- Commit our political support to the Private Sector Development (PSD) reforms; partners participate in the process;
- Ensure that the PSD reform process is sufficiently consultative and that all its key local partners participate in the process;
- Ensure that roles for government and the private sector are well defined and understood; and
- Prioritize public investments in services.
Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSMEs)
To enhance growth and support MSMEs, the UPND administration will place a high priority on establishing a stable and predictable policy environment that will promote private investment, growth and job creation. We will also undertake the following initiatives:
- Formation of MSME Community Savings and Loans Associations – the Community Savings and Loan Association will provide entrepreneurship training and soft loans;
- Establishment of the Zambia Enterprise Development (ZED) Initiative – the ZED Initiative will facilitate Business Plan Competitions to support start-ups;
- Youth Entrepreneurial Services Development Program – this program will involve the formation of functional Employment Services Centres (ESC) that will focus on improving access to employment opportunities;
- Promote the development of MSMEs at the community level to allow access to all daily and business essentials at a local level; and
- Delivery of targeted tax incentives for start-ups.
The UPND has a strategy for employment and job creation for Zambia. The approach recognizes that robust private sector growth, particularly the growth of the Micro, Small, Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), is the most powerful driver of job creation. We commit to doing the following;
- Educate, motivate and encourage the youth to become successful entrepreneurs;
- Establish labour and employment policy reforms that ensure that harmony and healthy synergies exist between the workforce and the private sector as the main engine of job creation;
- Promote broad-based re-education, up-skilling, retooling, and skills development for formal and informal workers in the public and private sectors, particularly vulnerable groups;
- Broaden the formal employment base to ensure workers are protected by the law and have access to pension and health systems;
- Implement an economic diversification programme that prioritizes job-rich sectors; and
- Focus on changing the mindset and culture of our young generation so that they appreciate their value.
The hallmark of our approach to government will be to have a small, diverse and efficient government characterized by proper planning, transparency and accountability in the management of public resources. In this regard, we commit to:
- Put in place a strategy and action plan to transform the public service so that it can manage affairs efficiently and with more exceptional professionalism;
- Develop more effective leadership and management of a changing public service;
- Improve the capacity to formulate, analyze and implement policies;
- Ensure that monitoring the implementation and impact of various policies and projects is strengthened by improving the framework for Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E); and
Little effort has been made by successive governments to support decentralization. The UPND government is committed to decentralization and we believe that by transferring power, ownership and responsibility for decision making to the people, we will create a system of government that is responsive to local needs and preferences. The UPND Government commits to:
- Actualize the provisions of the constitution by ensuring that decentralization by devolution is implemented;
- Review and align the roles of the District Commissioners with the functions of the town clerks/council secretaries;
- Improve the capacities of local authorities to make decisions and deliver services to the people at the local level; and
- Review the role of provincial administration to ensure local level participation in governance.
Land Policy and Planning
The UPND Government’s land policy will seek to promote equitable access to land by all the citizens of Zambia. We will strengthen the land tenure security and enhance sustainable and productive management of land resources. We will thus:
- Ensure the equality of citizens to access land wherever they may be in Zambia;
- Ensure citizens enjoy the similar legal protection of rights and freedoms to own and transact in the land;
- Review the laws governing land, and the way land is allocated to Zambians and non-Zambians;
- Ensure that all players in the public and private sectors plan and efficiently manage land, which is a vital and limited resource;
- Correct the indiscriminate use and poor development practices by promoting orderly management of land;
- Ensure a disciplined land market and effective and efficient land administration and management systems; and
- Ensure future urban development fits with the ethos and image of the town or city, whilst reserving land for recreational facilities and activities.
Separation of Power
The UPND Government will work to strengthen and preserve the integrity of the concept of separation of powers among the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary, as provided for in the constitution. In each of these constituent areas, we commit to undertake the following:
- Ensure that the executive is duly accountable to the people of Zambia through the National Assembly and the Judiciary;
- Ensuring that the President has regular question and answer sessions with the media, parliament and opposition leaders;
- Promote a culture of transparency and accountability, especially amongst Controlling Officers;
- Ensure that all Cabinet Ministers are appointed based on competence for the portfolios assigned to;
- Ensure that the role of Ministers will be to provide strategic leadership to their respective ministries; and
- Subject all senior public officials to performance-based contracts.
- Guarantee the independence of the judiciary so that it is impartial and effective in the interpretation of laws and administration of justice;
- Respect court judgments and orders to entrench the rule of law and enhance constitutionalism; and
- Separate the offices of the Attorney General and Minister of Justice in order to improve impartiality and objectivity.
- Support reform efforts to make parliament legislatively, administratively and financially autonomous;
- Support the National Assembly in staffing and training of the Parliamentary budget office so that it becomes fully operational to support the Members of Parliament in their oversight role over the executive; and
- Support the National Assembly in developing a strategic plan for its legislative agenda to ensure that it meaningfully contributes to the country’s development agenda.
Law, Justice and Security
The UPND Government will be committed to the rule of law, justice, civil liberties, security of all the Zambian people and the protection of private property. The UPND Government commits to:
- Strengthen all institutions to provide and guarantee security, safety, human rights, civil liberties and justice;
- Modernize the operations of the judiciary to speed up the dispensation of justice;
- Widen access to justice to all, especially the disadvantaged in society;
- Guarantee adequate funding to all institutions mandated to provide security, ensure safety and dispense justice; and
- Support and strengthen the intelligence agencies to enhance their ability to deal with contemporary threats.
We commit to strengthen the institutional framework for implementing climate change commitments to meet Zambia’s Nationally Determined Contributions of the Paris Agreement. Some of the measures we will undertake to mitigate the effects of climate change will include:
- Empower institutions that have been established to coordinate and implement climate change programmes;
- Mainstream climate action into sector strategies, by promoting smart agricultural practices, sustainable forestry, water and land management;
- Promote climate-resilient public infrastructure while strengthening the framework for disaster risk management;
- Strengthen institutions for effective implementation of regulation and clean-up efforts;
- Invest in actions such as afforestation, catchment area conservation and improved landscape management;
- Combine the above actions to set Zambia on the path of becoming a green economy with the ability to generate significant carbon credit revenues as an alternative to deforestation;
- Build the capacity of local governments to manage the impacts of climate change; and
- Strengthen the Zambia Environment Management Authority by increasing powers.
The UPND is fully committed to fighting this scourge based on a strong principle of zero tolerance to corruption in all its forms. In addition to strengthening the Anti-Corruption Commission, the UPND will increase the benefits of being honest and the costs of being corrupt. Besides this, the UPND Government will:
- Establish special fast track Anti-Corruption Courts to clear the backlog of outstanding corruption cases and expedite the conclusion of similar cases going forward;
- Ensure that all public offices will have open-door policies at all levels from the Minister to the lowest technocrat;
- Ensure that all unclassified public records are readily available and open to the public for scrutiny;
- Ensure self-reported annual declaration of the new wealth of government officials; and
- Conduct lifestyle audits with any civil servant found wanting being suspended pending court ruling;
- Introduce Unexplained Wealth Orders to allow law enforcement to seize any property purchased using unknown means; and
- Launch “Operation Recovery”.
Zero Tolerance to Corruption
- ECONOMIC PROGRAMS
Agriculture and Agro-Processing
UPND envisage increasing agriculture’s contribution to economic growth by not only increasing production for food security but also agro-processing and manufacturing for both domestic and export markets. To achieve this, we will prioritize Agricultural Productivity and Extension Services.
Agricultural Productivity -The UPND Government will improve agricultural productivity to meet household and national food security and to becoming the regional breadbasket. More specifically, the UPND Government will:
- Gradually create a pathway to reduce dependence on harmful chemicals in farming and move towards more soil friendly organic farming and use of natural soil enhancement methods;
- Ensure access to affordable agricultural inputs such as fertilizers, chemicals and pesticides, and machinery;
- Partner with the private sector to ease access to, and ensure availability of low-cost finance to farmers;
- Establish agro-input manufacturing industries in partnership with the private sector to produce seed, fertilizer and implements;
- Promote the establishment of permanent agro-dealer networks across the country to facilitate the distribution of agricultural inputs;
- Provide targeted farm input packages through pass-on programmes, fertilizer, seed and appropriate farming;
- Enhance agricultural diversification away from maize to mitigate natural shocks such as drought by growing drought-resistant crops;
- Promote small and medium scale agro-based and non-agricultural industries; and
- Strengthen climate resilience through improved farming methods, climate-resilient seed varieties and irrigation
To facilitate market access, the UPND Government will undertake the following:
- Promote farmer clubs and agricultural cooperatives to increase economies of scale as well as enhance bargaining power;
- Strengthen the agro-value chains to enable farmers to get access to finance for their production and to markets for their products;
- Prioritize the grading of rural roads to open up rural areas for enhanced agricultural production; and
- Increase access to agricultural finance through the establishment of an agrarian financing bank targeting only agricultural-related business.
Agri-business development – We will rebrand the agriculture sector as an attractive commercially viable and modernized occupation. We will prioritize women and youth by undertaking the following:
- Encourage value chain addition and agro-processing to improve the gross margins for farmers;
- Improve the youth and women’s access to financial services by developing suitable credit and finance facilities;
- Improve overall access to capital – domestic and foreign direct investments for the modernization of agriculture;
- Organize the youth and the women into farmer cooperatives and other social solidarity initiatives; and
- Increase the youth and women’s access to farm inputs and agricultural technology, such as machinery to increase productivity.
Agricultural Extension Services— We will ensure the institutional strengthening of the provision of agricultural extension services and accessibility. We will undertake the following:
- Review and update the extension policy and strategy taking into account the needs of different groups of farmers;
- Revive and strengthen all farmer training and research institutes across the country to respond to farmers’ needs and challenges;
- Increase funding for agricultural extension services;
- Promote mechanization of agriculture with appropriate technology to enhance growth and productivity;
- Pilot community-owned commercial farming enterprises in each district; and
- Develop and rehabilitate communal infrastructure such as dip-tanks and agricultural camps.
The UPND Government will ensure that the energy sector has steady and transparent policies, particularly around shifting focus towards alternative renewable energy sources, to ensure an end to load shedding whilst ensuring sufficient capacity to power our economic growth ambition. We will:
- Deliver affordable and clean energy through the implementation of an ambitious Renewable Energy Investment Plan that will improve the energy mix;
- Ensuring a cost-reflective and steady tariff that allows investors to continue investing in the sector;
- Diversify the geography of large-scale electricity generation sources, including through PPP initiatives, to ensure sufficient generation in each province;
- Scale-up investments in off-grid solutions, by de-risking investments in communal infrastructure;
- Minimize transmission and distribution losses and enhance the overall reliability of the electricity network;
- Scale-up the program of rural electrification through the extension of the grid network and deployment of off-grid electrification solutions;
- Accelerate the integration of transmission projects to improve access to the regional power markets;
- Restructure ZESCO to improve its operations, autonomy and efficiency that will ensure the company’s long-term financial sustainability.
- Restructure the fuel supply model to ensure fuel security and removal of middlemen from the supply chain.
- The UPND Government will play a supportive role through the provision of an enabling policy environment to attract private investment into the sector.
As UPND, we seek to optimize the economic value extracted from our mineral wealth to the benefit of not only current but also our future generations. We commit to:
- Undertake a major mining sector policy reform including tax and administration policies reforms;
- Enhance monitoring and oversight mechanisms and technologies to reliably ascertain the volume and content of mining output for taxation purposes to ensure Zambians receive their fair share;
- Promote diversification both within the copper sub-sector through the extension of the copper value chain, and from copper to other minerals by promoting exploration and processing of gemstones and industrial minerals;
- Promote small-scale mining as it generates more local jobs and supports the retention of earnings within the country;
- Put in place a policy and plan to facilitate local ownership and increased participation of Zambian players in the industry; and
- Put in place policies and regulatory frameworks that address the uncertainties of energy supplies and property rights; and
- Put in place a national supplier development policy for the mining industry to increase the local supply of goods and services to the industry.
The UPND Government will revamp and increase the tourism sector’s contribution to the economy and employment. We commit to:
- Maintain a stable economic landscape to reduce the cost of doing business, including streamlining license acquisition, easing tax compliance, visa processing and exemptions, and improving connectivity;
- Put in place robust tourism marketing to incorporate all tourism products including traditional ceremonies, visual arts, culture, heritage sites and others;
- Promote tourism diversification to other products;
- Ensuring each province has an international airport for improved accessibility while providing incentives for domestic and foreign airlines to ensure full utilization of airport facilities and transformation of Zambia into a regional tourist and transit hub;
- Open up the northern tourism circuit to enhance tourist flows in that area of great potential;
- Establish public policies and investment strategies that create an opportunity for local beneficiation or inclusion of local Zambians in the ownership and operation of tourism enterprises in the country;
- Enhance the involvement of communities in the management of Game Management Areas (GMAs) through Community Resource Boards and enhance the benefits of GMAs and their conservation to local communities and wildlife;
- Protect and make Zambia a haven for wildlife by tightening regulations for the licensing of hunting and control of the processing, sale, import and export of wild animals and trophies;
- Strengthen the national historical framework: Museums and restoration of information on cultural and natural heritage;
- Develop pricing mechanisms that favour Zambians and off-season marketing to boost local tourism; and
- Strengthen partnerships with other countries to improve wildlife populations; and strong academic credentials for the hospitality industry.
Transport and Logistics
The overriding objective of the UPND Government in the transport sector is to strengthen domestic and regional connectivity, with the view to connecting producers with markets, supporting participation in regional and global value chains, lowering the cost of doing business, enhancing competitiveness, and improving public service delivery. We, therefore, commit to the following:
- Enhance coherence between transport policy and trade, commercial and industrial policies, to support the upgrading of domestic services and integration into regional and global transportation value chains;
- Promote PPPs and FDI in the transportation sector to improve both the capitalization prospects for the private sector and the future fiscal revenue stream for the government from the past public investments;
- Bringing advanced technology to border post-management to ensure efficiency and transparency in the movement of goods and people;
- Establish proactive services import demand management policies and strategies through the balance of payments, co-ordination and coherence between trade-in-services and monetary policies;
- Ensure innovative and effective aviation sub-sector policies and strategies, which modernize, integrate and commercialize the airports and maximize the investment returns from these establishments;
- Ensure inclusive rural transportation development and progress through higher prioritization of public investments in the maintenance, repair, rehabilitation and upgrading of rural transportation networks; and
- Taking advantage of Zambia’s geographical location to transform Zambia into a regional hub for road, rail and air logistics.
Considering the strategic importance of the manufacturing sector in employment creation and economic growth, the UPND Government’s task will be to lay the foundation for a steady rise in manufacturing output to at least 15 percent of GDP by 2026 and 25 percent of GDP by 2031. We, therefore, commit to:
- Dialogue with all key stakeholders in addressing the various challenges affecting the growth of the manufacturing industry in the country;
- Create an enabling macroeconomic environment, strengthen the public agencies that support private sector development and enhance public-private dialogue;
- Improve regulatory frameworks and remove administrative barriers to business entry and operations and facilitate the development of high growth sectors;
- Ensure fiscal discipline and minimize government borrowing in the local market so as not to crowd out the private sector;
- Targeted policy incentives that attract large capital inflows with required Zambian equity participation; and
- Ensure policy linkages with education to build a skilled Labour market that attracts capital into target industries.
A world-class financial services sector is critical to attracting investment in the economy. The UPND government will introduce legislation that widens the scope and lowers the cost, of financial services available to large sections of the Zambian population. This includes legislation that encourages the provision of such services as retail banking, credit ratings, credit finance, consumer finance and other types of finance at affordable rates.
In addition, the UPND government will provide an enabling environment supported by strong regulation to support Zambia’s financial sector development and evolution toward a digital economy. This includes strong data protection laws and reduced barriers to entry for innovative new entrants in the financial technology space (FinTechs).
In light of rising cases of abuse of office in both the private and public sectors, a key focus of our effort will be legislation aimed at improving the corporate governance environment in the country. This will include strengthening qualifications for directors and board appointments, insolvency laws (qualification and appointment of practitioners) to guard against recent cases of blatant abuse of the process by political players. In addition, existing laws relating to illicit financial flows will be strengthened.
We will strengthen the capacity and autonomy of the central bank (Bank of Zambia) so as to reduce political interference in its operations. We will also enact strong investment banking regulations to ensure that investors such as pension funds are protected from rogue private and public players.
Science and Technology
The UPND recognizes the catalytic nature of science and technology in driving innovation in all sectors of the economy. The technology-driven and knowledge-based economy that we aspire to have requires the harnessing of all our human capital and ingenuity.
The UPND will ensure that science and technology are correctly applied in the development, support and marketing of products and services by investing in research to develop new technologies relevant to our country. Promotion of the digital economy, in addition to the general advancement of knowledge and skills, shall be one of our focus areas. We shall achieve this by investing more in educational facilities that offer training in this sector. With appropriate government support, the digital economy is expected to be a major area of opportunity for our youths.
The alignment of the content of the educational curriculum with the needs of industry will create an interdependent relationship that generates home-grown solutions to our developmental problems whilst also generating highly skilled and well-paying jobs.
Innovative technological solutions will be rewarded and supported by the government using legislative and financial incentives.
The UPND will promote Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) in schools to ensure that students are equipped for jobs of the future, and to support the development of science and technology industries.
Research and development will be supported by the government through better management and investment in the Science and Technology Institutions. These institutions will lead and collaborate with industry and the wider private sector in developing relevant innovation for our economy.
The application of science and technology to all aspects of government will help reduce corruption, make the provision of services more efficient and help benefit all those who struggle to access and benefit from government services.
Arts, and Culture
Development of the ARTS, and CULTURE AS A VIABLE INDUSTRY
The UPND appreciates the establishment of the National Arts Council of Zambia (NAC) in …; whose motto is PUTTING VALUE ON THE ARTS sits well with the party aspiration in this very important yet neglected sector. We shall pay full attention to the NAC motto, which is fundamental to the development and support of the practising of ARTS and CULTURE as a viable industry.
We believe that the UPND shall realise the long-held dream of Arts and Culture practitioners that arts ought to run under the microscopic eye of the Ministry of Arts. In addition to contributing to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) as the case is in Nigeria and South Africa, we shall actualize the abundant job, innovation and business opportunities in this sector.
Some of the arts and cultural products that need serious development and support include: – Film, Theatre, Music, Traditional Dance, Fine Arts (Writing) Visual Arts (Painting and Sculpture) and Crafts (Basketry, Beads, Tie & Batiks), and Fashion which thrives on the Textile Industry.
In agreeing with NAC regarding its motto, “Putting Value on the Arts,” we in the UPND believe and understand the moto in two folds; (i) the industry must pay well for all arts and cultural products, and (ii) the Practitioners of arts and culture should produce quality products to satisfy both the local and international market.
We shall ensure that the various arts disciplines in Zambia, notably those affiliated to NAC, are engaged to ensure that job creation and business opportunities under their respective fields are actualized.
Sports and recreation
Overall, the proposed UPND Sports Policy aims to turn Zambia into the most physically active nation in Africa, a continental sports powerhouse and a global leader in the use of sports as a tool for sustainable development. The policy acknowledges, recognizes and builds upon a number of previous national and international policies, which signifies the desire of Zambia to develop and implement progressive policies.
Crucially, the proposed sports Policy reflects the UPND desire to harmonize and align all policies to the UPND 2030 agenda and vision of a united and prosperous Zambia. In addition, the policy aligns and delivers key national policies (e.g. in health, tourism, education) and International policies including the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), AU Sport policy framework 2020 – 2030, Kazan Action Plan and it harmonizes with the plans of international, continental and national sports federations and organizations.
The UPND Sports Policy for Sustainable Development is aimed at building sustainable sports structures and programmes in line with the overarching priorities of the UPND 2030 Agenda. It is also meant to help in galvanising national sports actors to feel obliged and proud to fulfil the set national sports goals with the 4 policy pillars which are: A prosperous and sustainable Zambia, an active Zambia, wining Zambia and support systems.
A PROSPEROUS AND SUSTAINABLE ZAMBIA: All Zambian sports bodies recognised by the National Sports Council of Zambia to use sport and recreation as a tool for sustainable development and contributor towards prosperous and united Zambia.
AN ACTIVE ZAMBIA: All national sports actors to create eco-friendly, inclusive and culturally embedded sports and physical activities for all citizens.
A WINNING ZAMBIA: All provinces and district to create localised systematic and effective high-performance sports systems and programme that feed into the national system and programmes,
SUPPORT SYSTEMS: To identify and develop support mechanisms, strategies and programmes to ensure the achievement of all policy objectives situated within the pillars of the 2020-2030 sport policy framework (i.e., A prosperous and sustainable Zambia, An Active and A winning Africa).
- SOCIAL SECTOR PROGRAMS
- Respect, support, empower and reward our teachers, tutors and lecturers for their noble cause;
- Promote culture, arts and sport, where employment opportunities remain unrealistic as an integral part of our national development; and diversification of the economy;
- Ensure girl children have equal access to education as boy children by tracking and addressing challenges that girl children face such as child marriages menstrual hygiene and pregnancies; and
- Put in place policies that will address the effects of pandemics like COVID-19 that has brought education for many young people to a standstill. These will include e-learning and the use of ICT in all schools. This will be combined with targeted policies to ensure the national connectivity backbone is enhanced for a digital future.
The UPND Government commits to re-aligning the education sector programmes and National Development Plan to prioritize the Education, Science and Skills Development Sector as one of the key potential sectors for job creation and economic development in the country. In this regard, we commit to:
- Increase the share of education in the national budget in line with the country’s commitment at the international level;
- Reform the bursary and student loan system so that students who cannot afford to pay school or university fees can take up their places. Under this system every student who wants to study will be able to study regardless of financial status with any recoveries deferred until they are financially capable of doing so;
- Provide a platform for the government to engage with professors, teachers, scholars and students through a consultative and not confrontational approach;
- Develop education-industry linkages and foster innovation and entrepreneurship to ensure graduates will have relevant and employable skills;
- Developing incentives for industry players to take on students and graduates allowing them to gain practical experience and build relationships, ensuring employment consistent with career choices.
- Improve quality and range of education courses available combined with respectable education facilities;
Health & Nutrition
The UPND government will seek to scale up the immediate response to COVID-19 while investing in strengthening the health system as we whole to sustain the human capital necessary for the country’s economic development The UPND will prioritize health financing improvements, the securing of medicines and non-medical supplies, rebuilding human resources for health, securing modern health equipment and state-of-the-art service delivery at all levels, a rational approach to health infrastructure maintenance and efficient use and strengthening of health information and data systems.
. The UPND Government commits to:
- Introduce policies to improve the mobilizing, utilizing and accounting for health financing resources, towards enhancing the quality of health care and services;
- Ensure rural and urban communities are involved in the planning and delivery of health services through a return to a more balanced focus between preventive community public health and primary health care on the one hand and higher-level hospital health care on the other;
- Improve the quality and availability of micro- community-level care and health services and to enhance the general health status of the community;
- Reformation of the National Health Insurance system to ensure the realization of benefits of the system accrue to all citizens;
- Partner with the private sector to create centres of specialization so that Zambians can access specialized health care locally whilst attracting regional medical tourism;
- Partner with the development partners to ensure that health care inputs are secured, well-utilized and fully accounted for, to the benefit of the Zambian people whilst gradually ensuring Zambia progresses towards eventual self-sufficiency; and
- Ensure training of health personnel meets international standards
UPND shall improve the social cash transfers which shall help improve standards of living of disadvantaged Zambians, people who are vulnerable to poverty and in need of state support. These generally will include older people, people with disabilities, and some people with young children.
UPND shall depoliticize the social cash transfer scheme, and ensure budget allocation is enhanced.
Youth, Women & Persons with Disabilities
One of the major challenges facing Zambia is the lack of gender balance, including Youth and Persons with disabilities in political leadership, business leadership and decision-making positions. UPND has observed some trends in the barriers and challenges to women, youth and persons with disabilities’ equal participation and representation in politics, commerce and decision making.
To this effect the UPND Government shall:
- Strive to achieve equality in representation of gender in all position of government;
- The UPND will not discriminate against any Zambian in the participation of the socio-economic stratosphere based on creed, tribe, gender, physical ability and political affiliation;
- A culture of Meritocracy will become the norm rather than the exception in making appointments to national positions; and
- The Zambian youth, women and persons with disabilities will not be empowered by consumption-based freebies but empowerment will be through:
- Free education
- Access to land
- Business opportunities
- Meaningful employment
- Participation in governance.
- SOCIAL SECTOR PROGRAMMES Cont.
Water and Sanitation
The UPND Government shall seek to attain the Vision 2030 objective in this sector to provide secure access to safe potable water sources and improved sanitation facilities to all citizens. This, therefore, places the Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) sector among the expenditure priority focus areas for the government in the planning frameworks. In this regard, we commit to:
- Increase budget allocation and releasing such allocation timely – The consequences of inadequate provision of water supply and sanitation and non-release of such funds is not a saving to the Government purse but rather a health hazard that causes much more resources to be released to the health sector to fight the epidemics this causes. So, it ends up being a ‘lose-lose’ game. On the other side, increased funding to the sector would reduce the disease burden and consequently reduce the resource demand to the health sector resulting in a ‘win-win’ situation;
- Revive the Sector Advisory Group for the WASH to create a forum where there will be continuous interaction and engagements by all stakeholders. This will also provide a mechanism through which the government will get feedback in real-time to offer informed interventions and address any challenges that may arise during programme implementation; and
- Enhance monitoring and evaluation (M&E) to ensure value for money for the WASH expenditures. We will come up with mechanisms in which we will partner with stakeholders in the sector to provide effective M&E, including through national WASH IMIS to plan and report accurately.
- MAJOR REFORMS TO BE UNDERTAKEN
The main challenge concerning Section 5 of the Public Order Act, and in particular, subsection 4, requires a person who intends to assemble or convene a public meeting, procession or demonstration to give the police at least seven days’ notice of that person’s intentions. While the Act only requires giving the police at least seven days’ notice, the application of this law has been to prohibit opposition political party to hold public meetings. In this regard, we commit to:
- Reform the Public Order Act and prevent its abuse. Specifically, we commit to provide in the Act the freedom of assembly and the penalties for anyone, including the officers entrusted to enforce the Act if they abuse any provisions therein; and
- Give autonomy to the police in the enforcement of the Act.
The UPND Government commits to reform the ECZ by undertaking the following:
- Establish an independent Electoral Commission where the selection of commissioners will no longer be at the discretion of the sitting Republican President;
- Elaborate ECZ’s roles in conducting legal and electoral reforms including the powers and functions of both the ECZ and the Ministry of Justice in initiating and drafting electoral bills and taking them to parliament; and
- Restructure the ECZ and ensure that the legal department is capacitated both in terms of financial and human resources to carry out legal and other related research aimed at improving the operations of the ECZ.
Good governance entails transparency, accountability, consultation and dialogue between the governors and the governed. To achieve this, there must be watchdog institutions that ensure a level playing field in the area of governance. In this regard, the UPND government commits to:
- Establish a durable constitutional order that will catalyze political, economic and social development of the country;
- Complete the constitutional reform agenda, anchored on broad-based consensus among all Zambians;
- Domesticate key international and regional conventions to uphold good governance;
- Revive the process of expanding the Bill of Rights to integrate Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; and
- Guarantee independence and autonomy of the judiciary, a free press, and active civil society.
There is a need for a dedicated and professional public service that should provide a more enabling environment for the socio-economic development of the country. This has been hindered by the politicization of the civil service, especially at the senior management level where professionalism has completely been discarded.
The UPND Government commits to reform the public service by undertaking the following:
- Depoliticize the public service and improve leadership and managerial skills as well as the mindset to ensure an optimal public service delivery system;
- Restructure and re-orient the Public Service Commission so that it can protect the public service from unwarranted political interference and ensure that the merit principle is respected in appointments and promotions;
- Decentralize governance to push service delivery down to the local level with a significantly increased CDF and provide an enormous scope of community action in holding local government service providers accountable; and
- Re-engineer existing service delivery processes through the use of technology and digitization to make them faster, more transparent and efficient.
Debt and Expenditure Management
The UPND Government commits to immediately stopping excessive public expenditure and borrowing upon the formation of the government. We further commit to sharing decision-making responsibilities honestly and fairly and allow the National Assembly to approve all loans and guarantees to be contracted by the State. In this regard, we commit to:
- Streamline the reporting of public debt and ensure full disclosure;
- Tighten the oversight role of parliament in contracting of debt;
- Ensure transparency and accountability in procurement and reporting of public debt;
- Restructure debt management by creating a national debt management office as an autonomous agency responsible for developing and executing debt management policies that minimize financing costs over the long term and for managing the aggregate cash needs of the Ministry of Finance in the most cost-effective way; and
- Strengthen public investment management as well as project selection and financing to ensure any debt contracted for project development gives adequate investment returns to ensure debt sustainability.
The UPND Government commits to undertake procurement reforms to ensure fiscal discipline, transparency, accountability and strengthened internal controls in the procurement process.
Specifically, we commit to:
- Establish a robust and independent complaints review mechanism;
- Ensure that the legal framework against fraud and corruption is fully enforced to protect the public interest, enhance transparency, and improve competition;
- Strengthen the linkages between budget execution and procurement to overcome the situation of unavailability of funds and uncertainty in payments;
- Enforce the publication on an e-platform of contract award notices along with details of all bids and rationale for selection to ensure transparency in contract awards; and
- Ensure Contracts management is supported by adequate monitoring and training.
All of Zambia’s pension schemes are deficient in design, financing, and administration. As a result, a lot of retirees some of them who retire at senior management levels become destitute upon retirement simply because the Zambian Pension system is faulty. All the successive governments in Zambia have only paid lip service and simply adjusted the retirement age, which in effect does not resolve the problem but merely defers it to a later date.
We commit to reform the pension to achieve the following objectives:
- Adequacy of retirement benefits;
- Financial sustainability and affordability of pension promises to taxpayers and contributors;
- Incentives that encourage people to work for more extended parts of their lifetimes and to save more while in employment;
- To allow the option of partial withdrawal of pension contributions for specific purposes including investment in the business or during unemployment;
- Provide specific investment mandates to avoid white elephant projects which are not beneficial to pensioners; and
- Administrative efficiency to minimize pension system running costs and diversification of retirement income sources across providers.
The UPND Government commits to undertake tax policy and revenue administration reforms in line with our domestic revenue mobilization strategy. In particular, we will initiate the following:
- Develop revenue mobilization systems both at sub-national and national government level;
- Target revenue mobilization efforts away from income on individuals and corporations, more to consumption taxes and property taxes that remain underexploited and have continued to register a worrying decline.
- Overall broadening of the Tax base to lower individual burden;
- Reform the personal income tax regime by removing several regressive elements that favour high-income taxpayers at the expense of low-income households
- Streamline tax incentives to make it more effective, targeted and seal potential tax leakages and maximize in-country capital retentions;
- Address the proliferation of regulatory and licensing fees at all levels of government that increase compliance costs and corruption; and
- Modernize and strengthen capacities of our key revenue administration institutions, including promoting increased exploitation of IT advancements to ease both administrative and compliance cost.
The media houses and media practitioners operating space has continued to be narrowed in Zambia. This has resulted in harassment of journalists, suspension of operating licenses and in some cases closure of media house with dissenting opinion to that of the government.
As UPND, we hold the view that communication and expression through various media, including state media, printed and electronic media, primarily published materials, should be considered a right and freedom to be exercised freely in Zambia irrespective of whether such communication gives a dissenting view to that which we hold. To this effect, we commit to enacting a consultatively established Freedom of Information Act.
The UPND Government commits to promoting participation in regional and global value chains and making exports become an engine of economic growth to increase the share of Zambian businesses in the worldwide market as well as improve quality and market acceptance of Zambian products. To achieve this, we will:
- Develop national export trade strategies, mainstream trade policy and place export strategy and promotion at the Centre of our national development policy;
- Harmonize the trade policy with the industrial, commercial, immigration and foreign policies;
- Put in place export financing support instruments to support Zambian businesses; and
- Ensure collaboration with the private sector in undertaking awareness campaigns on market access initiatives and of the quality standards required by the regional and international markets.
In the years past, Zambia has been the last bastion of peace on the continent of Africa. We hosted a lot of refugees running from persecution in the 1960s to the late 1990s. However, in the last few years, the country has handed back those seeking refuge to their persecutors, a lot of unjustified deportations of nationals of other countries and denying entry into the country by those seen to be championing human rights of the Zambians undergoing persecution. On the whole Zambia’s foreign policy has always been reactive, vague, contradictory and mainly tailored to benefit the Zambian elite.
In addressing the gaps in the country’s foreign policy, the UPND government’s principal foreign policy objectives will be anchored on the peaceful resolution of conflict in Africa, and the use of multilateral bodies to ensure that developing countries’ voices are heard on international issues. It will engage in more economic diplomacy and non-predatory trading engagements with the rest of the world. We, therefore, commit to:
- Ensure that bilateral trade, economic and technical cooperation will be the hallmark of our foreign policy;
- Ensure that professional personnel, some of whom the country has trained at a high cost, are allowed to represent the country in our foreign missions; and
- Rebuild diplomatic links where these have been broken, utilizing these and existing relationships along with reawakening our foreign missions.
The current State of affairs makes it apparent that Zambia’s economic, social, and democratic progress is in urgent need of repair. A turnaround is not only required but has become a desperate imperative. We are confident that, like the noble eagle on our flag, Zambians can rise and save our own country. It is the only country we have – a country well-endowed with natural resources, pleasant climate, friendly, hospitable and hard-working people. As a united people working together towards a common purpose to realize a better and more prosperous country with equal opportunities for all, we can confidently say that our best years as a country are ahead of us, but only if we act now to save ourselves. Through this manifesto, the UPND seeks to rebuild trust in public institutions to provide firm ground for the actualization of a permanent social contract to better our nation. We seek to make Vision 2030 a reality in which Zambia’s great wealth can translate to economic empowerment for its people and generations to come.
UPND wishes to credit some images used in this document if any to www.pixabay.com/photos,
https://www.pexels.com › public-domain-images and other public image providers. All other images are credited to our in-house UPND photographers.UPND New Manifesto summary - Final